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Willis Van Devanter

Van Devanter was firmly opposed to increased governmental regulation of the economy. He interpreted the interstate commerce clause narrowly, thus limiting Congress’s ability to regulate issues such as child labor or the use of yellow dog provisions in employment contracts. Additionally, Van Devanter favored an expansive interpretation of the due process clause of the 14th amendment, which thus restricted the ability of states to regulate the maximum hours of work, and made impermissible the creation of a minimum wage.

— Michael Ariens